What is an introduction paragraph?

  • Ø An introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of an essay.
  • Ø The purpose of an introduction paragraph is to draw the attention of the readers to the topic of the essay.
  • Ø It includes the main argument and points that will be developed in the essay.
  • Ø The most important part of the introduction is the thesis statement.

What is a thesis statement?
  • Ø Its function is to tell the reader the main idea of the essay.
  • Ø It often provides a “road map” for the supporting points in the body paragraphs.
  • Ø It is the last sentence of the introduction paragraph.

For an effective thesis statement, follow these steps:

1- Make it clear and specific.
2- Do not announce the topic.
3- Do not use the “I” word.

Introduction Techniques

1- General to Specific Technique: You start with a general statement and narrow it down until you reach the thesis statement. This type of introduction is like an inverted pyramid/ a funnel.
2- Providing Background Information: You give a brief historical overview or some background information on the topic before the thesis statement.
3- Question Technique:In this technique,you ask the reader a provocative question or a series of questions so that they will want to read more to find out the answers.
4- Giving Definitions:If the subject is unfamiliar for the reader, you need to define some key terms so that the topic is meaningful for them.
5- Giving Statistics or Facts: In this technique, you provide the reader with interesting statistics or facts so that you attract their attention to the topic of the essay.

Click here for samples in which all techniques are used harmoniously.


Click here for the infographic version.