Abstract: An abstract is a short summary of a research article, thesis, review or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and it helps the reader quickly understand the content and the purpose of the paper.

Appendices: Although it is not a required section in most works, you could add this section at the end of a research paper if you want to include some additional information or materials that the reader may refer to. This part should be listed as Appendix 1 or A, Appendix 2 or B, etc, separately. The content of appendices supports the text while it is less important or critical to the main paper.

Analytical Thesis: An analytical thesis refers to a process, object or event that provides an analysis of all the necessary information and data. The purpose is to explain the reader what the object is or why an event has happened and help them to understand the specific topic discussed throughout the paper.

APA Style: APA is an academic format or a style guide which offers you a guidance on different subjects about writing your papers and for their submission. These guidelines and rules help readers with reading comprehension in the social sciences and behavioural sciences like education, psychology, sociology and humanities. Also, it helps to clarify communication.

Paraphrasing: Paraphrasing is the restatement of the meaning of a text or a passage, and you use different wording while paraphrasing.

Quotation: Quotation is the exact repetition of an expression which is originally another author’s and are written in “quotation marks”.

Rationale: It is an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for doing something.

The Running Head: In academic writing, a running head is a header that appears on each page.

Statement of Purpose: It is the single most important part of your application that will tell the admissions committee who you are, what has influenced your career path so far, your professional interests and where you plan to go from here.

Style guide: It is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization or field. The implementation of a style guide provides uniformity in style and formatting within a document and across multiple documents.